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  • some() returns TRUE when .p is TRUE for at least one element.

  • every() returns TRUE when .p is TRUE for all elements.

  • none() returns TRUE when .p is FALSE for all elements.


every(.x, .p, ...)

some(.x, .p, ...)

none(.x, .p, ...)



A list or vector.


A predicate function (i.e. a function that returns either TRUE or FALSE) specified in one of the following ways:

  • A named function, e.g. is.character.

  • An anonymous function, e.g. \(x) all(x < 0) or function(x) all(x < 0).

  • A formula, e.g. ~ all(.x < 0). You must use .x to refer to the first argument). Only recommended if you require backward compatibility with older versions of R.


Additional arguments passed on to .p.


A logical vector of length 1.


x <- list(0:10, 5.5)
x |> every(is.numeric)
#> [1] TRUE
x |> every(is.integer)
#> [1] FALSE
x |> some(is.integer)
#> [1] TRUE
x |> none(is.character)
#> [1] TRUE

# Missing values are propagated:
some(list(NA, FALSE), identity)
#> [1] NA

# If you need to use these functions in a context where missing values are
# unsafe (e.g. in `if ()` conditions), make sure to use safe predicates:
if (some(list(NA, FALSE), rlang::is_true)) "foo" else "bar"
#> [1] "bar"